The Lake District is a mountainous area north of Morecombe Bay. The steep sided valleys are connected high passes. The area was heavily glaciated. The highest point is Scafell Pike at 977m.

The tough rock was quarried by Neolithic people and crafted into axes. These were exported across Europe. In some places they excavated caves several tens of metres into the crag face. There are a few Neolithic henges and stone circles around the edges of the massif.
There are some Bronze Age villages on the lower slopes. Around the edges of the area are several burial mounds and stone circles.
The Romans stamped their authority in the region with a network of forts and roads. The Romano-British settlements were tough little communities but were always accessible to Roman patrols and rarely caused much trouble.