Walking through the Past - North Wales
Clwyd is a region just inside Wales in the north. It contains the Clwydian Range – a ridge rising out of the flat land. The highest point is Moel Famau at 554m.
There are a few stone circles in the area but many are recent. Bronze Age cairns appear on hilltops and in fields. The largest burial mound in Britain is the Gop Cairn near Prestatyn.
The area has long formed the boundary between England and Wales, even before the two countries existed in name. The ridge contains a line of Iron Age hillforts dominating every pass. The Dark Age Offa’s Dyke runs along the ridge and on to the sea. There are plenty of Medieval castles, both earth and stone.
Anglesey is a large island off the north coast of Wales. It is relatively flat and low, the highest point being Holyhead Mountain at 220m.
The island contains the remains of a large number of Neolithic burial mounds. Some contain decorated stones. There are stone-built Neolithic huts to be found in fairly large villages. Stone circles are rare but there are plenty of standing stones. Many villages contain stone circles that were build in the last hundred years to host Eisteddfodds.
The one significant Iron Age site is a hillfort that was attacked by the Romans. This perhaps was the site of a Roman lighthouse. There are quite a few defended Romano-British settlements. The nearest fort was on the mainland.
As a major part of Henry’s campaign in Wales he constructed many great castles. Beaumaris is on Anglesey and is hailed as the best example of a concentric castle.