Walking through the Past - Lake District & Yorkshire Dales
About the Lake District
The Lake District is a mountainous area north of Morecombe Bay. The steep sided valleys are connected high passes. The area was heavily glaciated. The highest point is Scafell Pike at 977m.
The tough rock was quarried by Neolithic people and crafted into axes. These were exported across Europe. In some places they excavated caves several tens of metres into the crag face. There are a few Neolithic henges and stone circles around the edges of the massif.
There are some Bronze Age villages on the lower slopes. Around the edges of the area are several burial mounds and stone circles.
The Romans stamped their authority in the region with a network of forts and roads. The Romano-British settlements were tough little communities but were always accessible to Roman patrols and rarely caused much trouble.
About the Yorkshire Dales
The Yorkshire Dales are a region of limestone hills and mountains. The valleys are dramatically glaciated and eroded by water. The whole area is riddled with caves. The highest point is Whernside at 736m.
The area was heavily populated in the Iron Age. There are many settlements in the valleys. The people held out against Romans for a time, building ramparts across strategic passes and holding onto high hillforts. It seems the Romans were content to let things sort themselves out as they built few roads or permanent forts in the hills. This laissez-faire policy obviously worked as the area became full of peaceful Romano-British farmsteads and deities became Romanised.
Later the hills became a stronghold of the Norse against the Normans. Longhouses can be found tucked amongst the limestone pavements.